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Int J Androl. 1998 Feb 21(1) 41-6....

Performance of the sperm quality analyser in predicting the outcome of assisted reproduction...

Mahmoud AM, Gordts S, Vereecken A, Serneels A, Campo R, Rombauts L, Comhaire FH. University Hospital, Department of Internal Medicine, Section of Endocrinology, Ghent, Belgium. The present study was undertaken to assess the relationship between the results of conventional semen analysis and the sperm motility index (SMI) as measured by the sperm quality analyser (SQA), and to evaluate these in relation to the fertilization and/or pregnancy outcome of assisted reproduction. SMI determinations and conventional semen analyses were performed on 223 samples from subfertile men in two laboratories in Leuven (n = 136) and Antwerp (n = 87), and on spermatozoa prepared on a Percoll gradient (n = 136) used for treatment of male factor infertility in 57 cycles of intrauterine insemination (IUI), 44 attempts at in vitro fertilization (IVF) and 31 attempts at intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). SMI values for native semen correlated significantly with sperm concentration, motility and morphology. Multiple regression analysis revealed sperm concentration after preparation, and the concentration of motile spermatozoa with normal morphology and SMI (before preparation) to be the independent determinants for SMI after preparation. SMI values were significantly higher after, than before, preparation (p < 0.0001). In regular IVF (n = 44) the percentage of fertilized oocytes correlated significantly (p < 0.05) with sperm motility (A + B%, r = 0.33), with the percentage of spermatozoa with normal morphology (r = 0.46) before preparation, with the values of SMI both before and after preparation (r = 0.54, r = 0.48), with sperm concentration (r = 0.34) and with the motile sperm concentration (r = 0.29) after preparation. For the occurrence of pregnancy (all treatment methods), comparison of areas under ROC curves (AURC) indicated motile sperm concentration after preparation, as well as SMI both before and after preparation, to have the highest AURC, with no significant difference between these values as far as predictive power was concerned. These results indicate that the SQA allows for rapid evaluation of sperm characteristics and of the effectiveness of sperm preparation techniques. However, it is not superior to conventional semen analysis in predicting the outcome of assisted reproduction. PMID 9639151 PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE ...

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